Have you ever heard the phrase “two heads are better than one.” This type of a phrase is a direct advertisement for group decision making. Group decision making basically involves any situation where the method for making a decision is done based on the thought process or opinion of more than one individual. Group decision making is prominent in the world of business, government and in other areas of society. It is time to take a closer look at the advantages and disadvantages of group decision making to see if this is ideal.
Group Decision Making Methods
When it comes to making decisions as a group there are a variety of methods to choose from including brainstorming or voting. Some groups give equal importance to all opinions, but other groups give an authoritative control to one or more members of the group. The group decision making method that is used can have an impact on the overall decision and the process that it took to come to this conclusion.
Advantages of Group Decision Making
1. Multiple Perspectives
Group decisions can be a positive because they allow all individuals to give their opinion based on their unique knowledge. Have different perspectives on one issue gives you a better scope for determining the correct solution.
2. Increase Understanding and Knowledge
Group decision making has the ability to enhance collective understanding and ensure that everyone has a voice that is listened to.
3. Commitment Growth for Teams
People are more willing to commit when they are a part of a larger group and will develop a sense of pride and accomplishment for being a vital part of a group. Group decision making is ideal when the opinions of all are necessary to making the correct choice on any topic.
Disadvantages of Group Decision Making
1. Opinions Can be Swayed
Even though group decision making is seen as a good way to come to a decision that is best for everyone, there are still some downsides to this method. It is very easy for the opinions of some to be influenced or manipulated by other members of the group. This means that having access to unbiased opinions is not always possible.
2. Collaboration Can Be Time Intensive
Group decision making can also be a very time consuming process, because when a large number of people need to come together and agree, it is never easy or simple.