Aeronautical decision making is a process that is mostly used by pilots to provide them with the opportunity to react quickly in the event of an emergency. Although it may prove to be the most advantageous to those who have their license to fly, it can be quite useful in everyday applications. With that being said, understanding aeronautical decision making involves knowing how to react quickly to ensure a positive outcome in a high-stress and pressured situation.
Aeronautical Decision Making Overview
As previously mentioned, this method of decision making is studied by analyzing pilots in highly stressful situations where they are forced to make imperative decisions. With a particular set of circumstances, these individuals must determine what their best course of action is to ensure their safety and the safety of their passengers. Although with the increasing popularity of technology in daily applications, accidents are still able to occur, therefore the pilots must have quick decision making skills. Human error is one of the most prevalent issues that needs to be addressed and with aeronautical decision making, individuals are able to lower their chances of human error.
The Three Step Process
Being able to use ADM in the event of an emergency situation revolves around being able to use a three step process known as Perceive, Process, and Perform. In order to determine whether an individual is able to perform aeronautical decision making depends on if they continuously take information in and let actions out. The three step process is as follows:
Regardless of your situation, there is information all around you that could positively or negatively affect the outcome. It is important to manage this information so that you can ensure a successful solution to a particular problem. The first step to an appropriate ADM process is to perceive this information or the particular situation that you are in. Consider taking in all of the information that you can about the situation as this will help you with the second step in the process.
The second step to building ADM processes is to analyze the information that you perceived during the first step. Every stimulus that is perceived is sent through the 5 human senses: taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell. It is important that you organize all of the information to ensure that you are able to sufficiently process everything without leaving anything out. During this process you will want to use your own personal experience to assist you with developing a solution.
Now that the first two steps in aeronautical decision making are finished, it is time for you to act. The way that you act will be based on the information that you learned and how you processed it, therefore the first two steps are critical to a positive outcome. There are an ample amount of pressures that you will face during a decision making process, and you must be prepared to handle any stressors that may interfere. There are two main components that you will have to consider during the performance step of aeronautical decision making: mitigating or eliminating risks and hazards that you perceived.
Aeronautical Decision Making and Risk Management
Another incredibly prevalent aspect to any ADM process is risk management. Much like other decision making processes, ADM is used to avoid harmful situations and ensure a positive outcome. Risk management is incredibly important as it allows you to sufficiently perceive and process information so that you can act accordingly to prevent a disaster. There are two aspects to risk management to consider:
Risk: How a hazard that is not eliminated or sufficiently controlled can detriment future events.
Hazard: A current object or event that could lead to a detrimental occurrence.
When considering risk management, you will want to ensure that you review your situation prior to acting to ensure that there aren’t any hazards that could have a negative impact on a particular outcome. As an example, a pilot must always inspect (or have a crew that inspects) their plane prior to takeoff. This helps to eliminate the possibility of hazards that could inevitably lead to risks during their flight. It is important to note that hazards can either be human or inanimate. As an example, if a pilot did not get enough sleep before a flight, this hazard could result in human error. Whereas a propeller that has a nick in it is an inanimate hazard.
Aeronautical risk management is a great way to determine whether you are sufficiently prepared to handle a situation and to assist you with acting during a detrimental occurrence. Without the use of ADM, individuals would have difficulty with controlling hazards and preventing risks from occurring, whether it be during a flight or during an emergency at home. With that being said, refining your skills pertaining to perceiving and processing stimuli can be quite advantageous.