No matter what field an organization operates within, there is something that every organization requires. They need leaders who are able to motivate workers, direct them to specific goals, and drive projects home to a successful outcome. Leadership theories have been developed to help everyone understand the specific decisions that leaders use to accomplish these tasks. In the past, leadership theories tended to look at the power and control a leader was able to wield. In today’s emerging leadership theories, the focus has shifted to adaptability and proactive response instead of individual traits.
What Emerging Leadership Theories Should Be Stressed?
There are three basic emerging leadership theories that are discussed regularly today.
1. Situational leadership. This leader looks at each situation and adapts their profile based on what they see.
2. Contingency leadership. This leader looks at each situation and plans for the best outcomes to be achieved while also looking at the worst-case scenario.
3. Transformational leadership. This leader utilizes morality and ethics in order to create a consistent workplace that is focused on success through justice.
These three emerging leadership theories have some differences in how a leader implements success, but they each have some common ground as well. Instead of believing that great leaders are born, these new theories of leadership believe that great leaders can be developed. They require the modern leader to be observational and adjustable so that a team can have the type of leader they need at any given time. By always having the correct leader in place, team morale stays consistently higher.
Take, for example, a team that is filled with brand new unskilled workers. Having a democratic style of leadership in this circumstance would not bring the team to success. That is because only the leader has the necessary skills in order to achieve the end results. A totalitarian leadership style would be more effective in this instance because the leader could instruct each worker in the specific tasks that need to be completed.
Employee Development Is Consistently Emphasized
In the past, leadership often involves establishing the expertise of each leader so that their position could be reinforced. Today’s leader doesn’t need to reinforce their own skills to keep their position. That is because the focus has shifted to the development of each person on their team instead of their own personal development. By encouraging growth, a company can actually save money through lower employee turnover and higher productivity and achieving that is what reinforces a leader’s position.
There is a “both/and process” to the emerging leadership theories. Employees are developed so that they can explore and increase their own talents and skills and have future values because of it. In return, the team or organization that helps to develop these talents and skills also receives a benefit. When a leader is successful in implementing these emerging theories of leadership, there will be more success at a cheaper price… and that’s good business.