Due to the high occurrence of crime in most workplaces involving sexual harassment, fraud and theft, industrial espionage, industrial sabotage, polygraph testing is an helpful tool in arriving at truthfulness among employees.
In fact, many of the growing businesses are incorporating polygraph technique as part of the pre-employment process. This is being done as part of the formal check of criminal records. This is also a one way of determining if the soon-to-be employees have been involved in fraud or theft, and vice versa.
Guidelines to Using Polygraphs
However, there are certain rules that must be adhered in using polygraphs. As for employees, they must not be forced into submitting themselves on polygraph testing. It must be done voluntarily that the questions about sexual orientation, religion, union membership and political affiliation will not be allowed. This is because the employee still has his right towards self-incrimination.
As for the essential benefit regarding polygraph testing, the valuable part of information are quickly rejected or confirmed. The use of polygraph helps in the investigation, although it may not be regarded as an optimum basis of evidence. However, it is strongly suggested that polygraph testing in the workplace may be used along proper investigation.
Using Polygraph Testing in the Workplace
Polygraph testing in the workplace and its results must be supported by any other credible evidence. Apart from it, the testing is useful for the employers to create a strong measure to use as part of the disciplinary issues. But then, if the polygraph technique is used correctly; the reliability and validity may be as high as ninety-six percent.
On the other hand, the use of polygraph testing in the workplace does not result for dismissal among employees. If one is dismissed because of it, or for refusal to it, he still has his own recourse against the employer. There must still be a hearing on the evidence that is being rendered as a challenge for dismissal.
In the case that the employers require their job applicants or worker to be subjected to polygraph testing, they must provide for a written notice. The notice should include the location, time and date of the test. Apart from it, it must draw round the rights of the persons along the questions that the examiner do not want to answer. As for the examinees, they have their right in stopping the test that hiring the service of an attorney is needed.
When to Use Polygraph Testing
On the part of employers, they are permitted in using polygraph testing in the workplace if they are bound to inspect specific incidents:
1. When employees have access on properties that is the main focus of the polygraph testing.
2. A rational suspicion of an employee being involved in an incident.
3. An injury or economic loss is found in the business such as theft in the property of the company.
4. The employer makes way of combating illegal drugs, serious alcohol, fraudulent behavior, narcotics abuse in the company.
5. The employer seeks to combat purposeful deliberate lies and falsified documents concerning the true identity of those people involved.
6. The employer seeks to combat dishonesty in the trust positions.
Polygraph testing in the workplace is not released for any person; however, only on the authorized person.