Leadership theories in management have evolved for years into several kinds with their own lines of thought. Each theory of leadership offers a model of effectively steering a group. One of the leadership theories is the transformational leadership. This tackles everything about transformational Leadership, its pros and cons and a brief view of it. Transformational leadership is a lot more humane theory unlike the militaristic transactional theory. This theory believes in inspiring employees to do excellent work through the force of a leader’s personality and example. In addition, this also believes that individuals rise higher through positive motivation compared to negative motivation.
Maslov’s Hierarchy of Needs
It is a theory wherein an appeal to the larger need of a person in the Maslov’s hierarchy of needs is made and that is self-actualization. The following are the basic assumptions of this theory:
1. The primary assumption is that individuals will willingly follow a leader that inspires them.
2. Enthusiasm and energy are the tonics that get things done.
3. The passion and vision of 1 man can convert his partisans and they can achieve enormous things together.
4. To nurture original expression and thought is significant.
5. Challenges bring out the best in people.
6. The forces of inspiration, creativity and great ideas are a lot more potent compared to any material lure.
1. This kind of effective leadership model creates an enthusiastic work environment and drives the organization with innovations and changes. The fact that individuals are working through self motivation will particularly guarantee larger efficiency and output.
2. This will likely develop future leaders from a lot of followers.
3. Individuals will work for the leader although the other benefits and monetary offered are lesser as they’ll be inspired and motivated by his vision.
4. The legacy of transformation leaders will create a line of mentor-protégés which leads innovative waves in the business.
5. Leaders arouse emotions toward their followers that motivate them to act beyond the framework of what may be described as exchange relations.
6. It forms new expectations in followers since leadership is proactive.
7. It motivates followers to work for their goals that certainly go beyond their self interest.
8. High productivity can be guaranteed in this kind of leadership theory.
However, there are drawbacks in this type of leadership theory.
1. This is likely based on the leader’s ability for inspiring the work force to put their best in whatever they do.
2. Thus, some leaders may not have such ability and force of character to enforce and achieve that.
3. Some leaders do not have this character and because of this, his leadership might be drawn in the edge.
All of these stated pros and cons discussed that are based on research through the defects and virtues of transformational Leadership enlightened the real meaning of leadership. Aside from this theory, there are other theories with regard to business leadership and management. There exist numerous specialized theories that have evolved from the basic principles of transactional leadership, transformational leadership and situational leadership.