Moral issues are a common component of everyday life and with that being said, we are faced with various situations where we may need to make an ethical decision. Whether it be on the soccer field or while partaking in a business meeting, it is important to consider ethical solutions for every type of problem. With the ample amount of factors to consider in terms of ethics, sometimes it can be difficult to make the correct choice. You may be wondering, how can we make an ethical decision and what should we consider while making one?
Getting the Facts
The most important component to making any type of decision is to gather as much information about the problem as possible. The more information that we can get results in a higher understanding of the issue at hand, therefore we can make a more educated and ethical decision. There are a variety of instances where other problems may arise due to the fact that the decision maker doesn’t take moral and ethical values into account. Although this step is one of the more obvious ones, it is a crucial component to the virtue ethics decision making process.
Although gathering the information is the most important step to the virtue ethics decision making process, we also need to consider values associated with the facts. A decision maker can gather as much information as they want, but it may not reflect appeals to values. Over the years philosophers have developed several different ways to consider values in order to resolve moral issues and to make an ethical decision.
1. Utilitarian Approaches
This approach was developed in order to determine how morals could reflect law making. In order to use the utilitarian approach you must consider all of the decisions available to you at the time. You must then determine who these decisions will impact and whether it will be positive or negative. The decision that provides the most ethical answer will be the one to choose.
2. Considering Rights
The rights approach has been one of the more popularly used ways to consider values and morals when making a decision. Every human being is granted a set of rights and it is imperative to make sure that your decision does not take advantage of such rights. The decision must maintain the dignity of all parties and ensure that their personal choices are respected.
3. Justice Approach
The justice approach is used to eliminate bias and to ensure that there is no discrimination and favoritism involved with the decision that you use when considering virtue ethics decision making. A solution that shows favoritism to a particular party without having a justified reason is the wrong solution to choose.
4. Common-Good Approach
As another important way to ensure that you are making an ethical decision, it is important to consider the common-good of the individuals and the community. Your decision must not only benefit a group of people, but it must benefit the community as a whole. This can apply to a variety of different situations, including the workplace.
5. Virtue Approach
This approach appeals to the belief that there are particular goals that humanity is to reach in order to ensure the success of our species. Through the reflection of our past, we are able to determine whether our decisions can assist us with building and living a better future. With the use of the virtue approach we are able to ensure that humanity is working to the best of its ability.
Solving all Moral Issues
Although the aforementioned steps can be quite advantageous to ensure that you choose the most ethical solution or make the best decision, it is not meant to solve every type of moral issue. There are an abundance of factors to take into account when you are looking to make a decision that could impact either a small or large group of individuals. Though, it is important to use these steps when attempting to use the virtue ethics decision making process. With the ability to keep your eye on every factor in relation to morality and ethics, you will undoubtedly be able to make the best decision.
Considering Issues in Ethics
There are many different issues that can arise while attempting to make the most ethical decision, therefore you must ensure that you use the above steps to ensure that you make the best choice. Whether it be religious issues or personal issues, there will always be a party that will find your decision to be more negative than positive. As a decision maker it is your responsibility to have reasons as to why you chose a specific solution so that you can prove to each group that it is mutually beneficial.